Cocaine Abuse And Adjustment Disorders
Cocaine abuse is often linked with mental health diagnoses, including adjustment disorders. The connection between cocaine addiction and adjustment disorders is explained here.
Adjustment disorders occur at any point in a person’s life that significant changes occur and the person is unable to cope with those changes in an appropriate way. These disorders are situational in nature and last less than six months.
Symptoms of an adjustment disorder include insomnia, anxiety, anger, poor mood and sadness. Incredibly stressful events evoke these symptoms, such as divorce, death of a loved one, loss of career, or any other situation that evokes overwhelming stress that can not be easily resolved.
Individuals who struggle with an adjustment disorder are at higher risk for substance abuse, like cocaine and alcohol. Often times, these individuals are self-medicating using illicit substances, almost as a way to cope with their current situation.
Cocaine is a stimulant, and therefore elevates mood and gives a person more energy. The positive effects of cocaine are often the reason people with an adjustment disorder begin abusing cocaine.
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Connecting Cocaine Abuse and Adjustment Disorders
Different studies have shown that anywhere from two to 20 percent of the population have struggled with an adjustment disorder. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), approximately 22% of the population has used cocaine in their lifetime.
Individuals who have sought emergency room treatment for their adjustment disorders, over 76% of those admitted also met criteria for a substance misuse disorder.
Adjustment Disorder Recovery And Cocaine Abuse
When a person is seeking treatment for an adjustment disorder, using cocaine can negatively affect the recovery process. Additionally, a person is at high risk for developing a cocaine addiction.
Using cocaine can also impede a person’s ability to use appropriate coping strategies and alienate the person from support systems, damaging or delaying the recovery process.
When a person isn’t using appropriate coping tools, and instead abuses cocaine, it increases the likelihood that a person will repeatedly abuse cocaine instead of exploring useful coping strategies.
Using cocaine while being treated for an adjustment disorder can lead to decreased social support. Continued cocaine abuse often leads to isolation, or finding another group of people that also abuses cocaine. Both circumstances can be detrimental to adjustment disorder recovery.
Abusing cocaine negatively impacts the recovery process for adjustment disorder. Any form of substance abuse, including cocaine, is strongly discouraged during treatment or interventions for adjustment disorders.
Cocaine Addiction And Adjustment Disorder
Being diagnosed with an adjustment disorder is not the same as being diagnosed with depression or anxiety. Adjustment disorders are typically situational and, with proper treatment, can be resolved over a short amount of time.
Introducing cocaine during the treatment process for an adjustment disorder is likely to disrupt the recovery process. Additionally, the changes that occur in the brain due to cocaine use are often permanent and may result in another diagnosis that is not as easily resolved.
Treatment Programs For Co-Occurring Diagnoses
Fortunately, many addiction treatment rehabilitation programs are familiar with the connection between substance abuse and mental health. Locating a program that is equipped to treat cocaine addiction while dealing with an adjustment disorder may seem difficult.
We are here to offer assistance so you can find a program that meets the needs of you or the person seeking substance abuse treatment.Article Sources
Central Nervous System Drugs - https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/11311000-000000000-00000
Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2710332/
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0740547201001933