Cambridge is directly across from Boston on the Charles River. The city is included in the Boston metropolitan area and has approximately 113,600 residents. Cambridge is part of Middlesex County.
The city is home to two renowned and prestigious universities, Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Other well-known attractions in the area include Harvard Square and numerous historic buildings that highlight the city’s rich role in the nation’s history.
Substance abuse and addiction occur in both the university and community populations. Cambridge addiction treatment services, including inpatient and outpatient rehab programs, can equip a person with the skills they need to build and maintain a sober life.
Addiction Treatment In Cambridge, MA
Addiction treatment services exist to help people at every step of recovery. From people who are seeking treatment for the first time to a person who has experienced their first relapse or chronic relapse, comprehensive treatment options are available.
The intensity, form and length of addiction treatment can vary depending on a person’s needs. A person should seek professional guidance to ensure that they’re placed in a program that’s right for their circumstances.
A clinical assessment can provide insight and direction during this process. This evaluation will reveal the specifics of the addiction and the way it’s impacted a person’s life. By determining this, treatment providers can tailor addiction treatments and therapies in an individualized way.
In Cambridge, a variety of addiction treatment services may be available, including:
- Professional intervention services
- Medical detox programs
- Inpatient addiction treatment
- Outpatient addiction treatment
- Aftercare and alumni support services
- Cambridge Intervention Services
While many people pursue addiction treatment on their own, others need assistance in making this potentially life-changing decision. Professional Cambridge intervention services provide guidance and support for families at this difficult time.
Before the intervention occurs, the interventionist will get to know the family and ask questions about the addicted individual. They will educate the family on addiction and the intervention process. Once the intervention begins, the interventionist will guide the conversation so both parties communicate in a constructive way.
Drug And Alcohol Detox Programs
Regular drug use can cause the body to become physically dependent on a substance. When this occurs, a person can become sick or go into withdrawal if they suddenly quit using drugs or alcohol.
Cambridge medical detox programs help a person’s body to safely adjust to sobriety. By the aid of medications, cravings and withdrawal symptoms are reduced so that a person is comfortable and able to mentally begin preparing for rehab.
Inpatient Addiction Treatment
The most effective inpatient drug rehab programs don’t just treat drug abuse, they teach a person how to thrive with a stable and fulfilling life.
Many people have goals and personal needs that are tied to overcoming addiction. This could include repairing damaged relationships, improving their health, succeeding within a job or going back to school. Cambridge inpatient addiction treatment programs can help a person to define and achieve these goals.
During treatment, a person will learn sober living skills that can aid them in managing their daily lives and becoming more productive. Therapy and counseling sessions teach stress-reduction and relapse-prevention skills, so that a person can protect their sobriety once they’ve achieved it.
A growing number of treatment centers offer specialized inpatient addiction treatment services. In Cambridge, these options may include:
- Art or music therapy
- Dual diagnosis
- LGBTQIA+ friendly
- Gender-specific programs
- Pet or equine therapy
- Religious or faith-based
- 12-step groups
- 12-step alternatives
- Wilderness or adventure
One of the most effective forms of specialized addiction treatment is medication-assisted treatment. These programs combine behavioral therapies with medications to help a person heal, body and mind. The most commonly used medications in Cambridge opioid treatment programs are Suboxone (buprenorphine and naloxone) and methadone.
Outpatient Addiction Treatment
While some people successfully find sobriety through an outpatient program, this level of care is frequently more effective when used as a:
- Treatment for a mild relapse
- Preventative treatment if there’s a threat of relapse
- Step-down service following inpatient treatment
Treatment specialists can help a person determine if a Cambridge outpatient drug and alcohol rehab program is right for them.
Aftercare And Alumni Services
The primary goal of Cambridge aftercare and alumni support services is to help a person remain focused on their sobriety goals after they complete a treatment program.
These programs and resources can show a person how to brush up on recovery principles and find solutions to challenging situations in their life. Aftercare programs may be built into a person’s treatment plan, or they may be pursued independently after a person graduates.
In Cambridge, a person’s aftercare plan may involve:
- Alumni mentorship programs
- Family therapy and support programs
- Individual and group therapy or counseling
- Job skills training
- Online recovery resources
- Self-improvement classes
- Sober living homes
Addiction Treatment Program Length
Short-term Cambridge addiction treatment programs last 14 to 30 days. Individuals who don’t need long-term treatment, but desire a longer stay in rehab, may be interested in 60-day, 90-day or 120-day drug rehab programs.
Long-term Cambridge drug rehab programs provide the most intensive level of care. These programs are designed to help people who have experienced relapses, a long-term addiction or who are severely addicted to drugs or alcohol. Long-term programs last six months to a year or more.
When a person is enrolled in treatment close to home, especially a program that lasts longer, it can be tempting to leave treatment early. Traveling to rehab can help to reduce this risk and strengthen a person’s commitment to treatment. As a person leaves familiar triggers and negative influences behind to travel to an out-of-town or out-of-state drug rehab program, they are also better protected against relapse.
How To Pay For Addiction Treatment
Using insurance benefits can expand a person’s treatment options and reduce the amount that they have to pay out of pocket. The exact copay, coinsurance, and deductible will vary depending on what plan the patient has.
If a person has insurance coverage through one of the following health insurance companies, they may have benefits that cover addiction treatment services in Cambridge.
- Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts
- Fallon Health
- Harvard Pilgrim Health Care
- Health New England
- Tufts Health Plan
Treatment centers may help patients cover the cost of treatment by working with or providing additional forms of assistance. These options could include:
- Medical credit cards
- Monthly payment plans
- Scholarships or grants
- Sliding-scale fees
Support from family and friends or taking out a personal loan may also be options to consider.
Substance Abuse Trends In Cambridge, MA
The Opioid Epidemic
Massachusetts is one of the top states in the nation for rates of opioid-related overdose deaths, an impact that has been acutely experienced in Cambridge. Rates of opioid drug abuse are high in this city.
Out of all the people seeking state-funded treatment in Cambridge:
- 50 percent had abused heroin over the past year.
- 15 percent had abused a different opioid over the past year.
Opioid drugs can cause overdose the first time a person uses them or after years of abuse.
In 2017, in Cambridge:
- There were 353 opioid-related emergency medical services calls.
- 12 residents died of an opioid-related overdose. This number does not include non-residents who died in Cambridge during this period from overdose.
Cambridge overdoses are concentrated in Central Square and Harvard Square. After a string of overdoses, public restrooms were removed from Harvard Square in 2012 to discourage people from using drugs in them.
The good news is that the opioid-related overdose death rate in Cambridge significantly declined from 2016 to 2017, dropping over 50 percent. However, fentanyl was detected in almost 90 percent of opioid-related overdose deaths statewide.
The state’s most current information reports that there were 683 total admissions in 2014 from Cambridge to state-funded substance abuse treatment services. This number does not reflect the number of people who enrolled in treatment at a private treatment facility.
Of this number:
- 71 percent were male
- 29 percent were female
- 47.4 percent had used a needle in the past year
- 50.2 percent had no prior mental health treatment
Of the total number of enrollments:
- 45.9 percent of admissions were for heroin
- 38 percent of admissions were for alcohol
- 4.8 percent of admissions were for all other opioids
- 4.5 percent of admissions were for marijuana
- 4.2 percent of admissions were for crack/cocaine
Drug And Alcohol Abuse
A large number of substance use disorders in Cambridge begin with alcohol, however, rates of addiction are also fueled by illicit drug abuse and prescription medication abuse.
Commonly abused illicit drugs:
- Cocaine, including crack
- Illicit fentanyl
- Synthetic cannabinoids (“fake weed”)
Commonly abused prescription medications:
- Ativan (lorazepam)
- Klonopin (clonazepam)
- Librium (chlordiazepoxide)
- Restoril (temazepam)
- Valium (diazepam)
- Xanax (alprazolam)
- Prescription opioid painkillers
- Actiq (fentanyl)
- Duragesic (fentanyl)
- Norco (hydrocodone)
- Vicodin (hydrocodone)
- Dilaudid (hydromorphone)
- Demerol (meperidine)
- Dolophine (methadone)
- Methadose (methadone)
- Duramorph (morphine)
- MS Contin (morphine)
- OxyContin (oxycodone)
- Percocet (oxycodone)
- Opana (oxymorphone)
- Prescription ADHD stimulant medications
- Adderall (dextroamphetamine/amphetamine)
- Concerta (methylphenidate)
- Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)
- Ritalin (methylphenidate)
- Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)
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Signs And Symptoms Of Substance Abuse And Addiction
When a person first begins to abuse a substance, they may be able to ignore or hide negative side effects. Sometimes, a person will take more of a substance in an attempt to reduce these feelings, such as when a person is trying to avoid withdrawal.
But as a person begins to lose control over drug or alcohol abuse, it becomes harder to ignore or conceal signs of substance abuse. As this occurs, family members may notice physical, mental or behavioral changes that point to addiction.
Substance use disorders can be mild, moderate or severe. Major signs include when a person:
- Cannot control the amount or frequency of substance use, even though they want to
- Has a hard time cutting back or quitting, even though they’ve tried multiple times
- Loses significant amounts of time to substance abuse or feeling ill from doing so
- Has cravings and begins to think excessively about finding and using the drug
- Encounters difficulties at home, on the job or at school due to drug or alcohol use
- Continues to take a drug, despite the knowledge that it’s harming their relationships
- Places drug or alcohol use above hobbies or activities they once enjoyed
- Puts themselves in harm’s way while under the influence of drugs or alcohol
- Continues using a drug even though they know it’s hurting them physically or mentally
- Acquires a tolerance and needs more of a drug to create the effect a smaller dose once did
- Experiences withdrawal symptoms after suddenly quitting drugs or alcohol
The Harvard Crimson - https://www.thecrimson.com/article/2017/3/30/opioid-epidemic-in-cambridge/
Massachusetts Department of Public Health - https://www.mass.gov/files/documents/2016/07/vi/state-and-city-town-admissions-fy14.pdf
Massachusetts Department of Public Health - https://www.mass.gov/files/documents/2018/11/16/Emergency-Medical-Services-Data-November-2018.pdf
Massachusetts Department of Public Health - https://www.mass.gov/news/year-over-year-opioid-related-overdose-deaths-decline-in-massachusetts-opioid-prescriptions